AskDefine | Define vacate

Dictionary Definition



1 leave (a job, post, post, or position) voluntarily; "She vacated the position when she got pregnant"; "The chairman resigned when he was found to have misappropriated funds" [syn: resign, renounce, give up]
2 leave behind empty; move out of; "You must vacate your office by tonight" [syn: empty, abandon]
3 annul by recalling or rescinding; "He revoked the ban on smoking"; "lift an embargo"; "vacate a death sentence" [syn: revoke, annul, lift, countermand, reverse, repeal, overturn, rescind]

User Contributed Dictionary



Latin vacare 'leave empty'.



  1. To move out of a dwelling, either by choice or by eviction.
  2. To leave an office or position.
  3. To have a court judgement set aside.
  4. To leave an area, usually as a result of orders from public authorities in the event of a riot or natural disaster.

Related terms


Extensive Definition

A vacated judgment makes the original judgment legally void. A vacated judgment is the result of the judgment of an appellate court which overturns, reverses, or sets aside the judgment of a lower court.
A trial court also has the power, under certain circumstances (usually involving fraud or lack of jurisdiction over the parties to a case) to vacate its own judgments. Relief from judgment in the United States district courts is governed by Rule 60 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
A vacated judgment frees the parties to re-litigate the issues subject to the vacated judgment.
Indeed the Seventh Circuit noted that a vacated judgment "place[s] the parties in the position of no trial having taken place at all." United States v. Williams, 904 F.2d 7, 8 (7th Cir. 1990).

See also

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abandon, abdicate, abjure, abolish, abrogate, abscond, annul, back out, be pensioned, be superannuated, beat a retreat, beg off, bow out, cancel, cede, clear, countermand, counterorder, cry off, demit, depart from, desert, disannul, disappear, discard, discharge, disgorge, dispense with, dispose of, dissolve, do away with, do without, drop, drop out, dump, empty, evacuate, forgo, forsake, forswear, get along without, get out of, get rid of, give away, give up, go back on, have done with, invalidate, jettison, jilt, kiss good-bye, leave, leave behind, leave flat, let go, make a sacrifice, make void, maroon, nullify, override, overrule, part with, pension off, pull out, quash, quit, quit cold, quitclaim, recall, recant, relinquish, remove, render up, renege, renounce, renounce the throne, repeal, repudiate, rescind, resign, retire, retire from office, retract, retreat, reverse, revoke, sacrifice, say goodbye to, set aside, spare, stand aside, stand down, step aside, superannuate, surrender, suspend, swear off, take leave of, throw over, throw up, vanish, void, waive, withdraw, withdraw from, write off, yield
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